Do you like Rugby? If you like this game then you must have quite interested to know about the game rules or even how Rugby becomes a very popular game. Here I am trying to discover the history of how this game became popular in Europe and many other countries.
Generally, the game rugby was born in 1823, when William Webb Ellis took the ball in his arms and ran with it, thus originating the distinctive feature of the Rugby game. It was just a start. Then Rugby spread quickly from its elitist origins in England, Scotland, Ireland and the middle and working-class men in northern England and Wales and the British colonies in South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. It also spread to North America, where it became a new style of football.
Unlike association football (soccer) covering payoff of the players and the league in the 1880s. And the RFU obstructed steadily professionalism cup tournament and leagues. Although rugby international competitions began between England and Scotland immediately. As soon as the six-year Scottish clubs talk about the creation of the RFU, issued a challenge to Scottish clubs for a party to be held in Scotland on March 27, 1871. The Rugby match was played in front of 4,000 observers with each facet goleadora try if only Scotland could make the attempt with a goal. Ireland, England, and Scotland began in playing1875 and 1877. The three national teams are known as the “Home of Nations.” Notably. The rugby club in England remained particularly until the last decades of the 20th century and as a result, international matches had a special meaning.
Northern England and the subdivision
Rugby was organized separately in the England than in the south. The teams became the focus of civic arrogance and league and cup competitions began rapidly in Yorkshire. Rugby games spread throughout Yorkshire for Cumbria and parts of Lancashire. Many working-class men were playing in the mid-1880s northern clubs campaign for payments. In the town of Huddersfield in Yorkshire on August 29 in 1895, 22 of the top clubs in northern England resigned from the RFU and created Football Union North Rugby, in rugby games who became the Football League of northern combined with the Northern Union, but failed in efforts to extend it’s in rugby in 1922.
Rugby clubs were established as clubs in the city in Wales during the 1870s and ’80s. Many early players had some experience playing in northern England and took their interest with them to Wales. In the early 1880s, rugby had become an essential part of the culture of the working class in South Wales. In the 19th century Rugby game emanated as a focus of a new modern Wales nationalism. As a result, the Wales Rugby Union formed in 1881 and soon entered the start Wales Championship. Which compete with England, Ireland, and Scotland and won their first title in 1893. Rugby was focal point identifying of modern Wales, especially in the period between the mid-1960’s and early 1980s. When players like Gareth Edwards, Barry John, Phil Bennett, Gerald Davies, J.P.R. Williams, and others keep Wales in the top of the northern hemisphere in Rugby game.
Rugby of France
Rugby football was amplified more mildly out of the British Empire. Although it has been played in France since early 1870. There were 20 or more French clubs in 1892, especially around Paris. The game spread rapidly to cities in the south as Bordeaux, Lyon, and Perpignan, where it became the most popular team. For forming the Five Nations Championship, France had joined the British Home Championship in 1910. In France, the game is controlled by the Union Francoise de Sports Athletics and Multisport group since 1887 and the French Rugby Federation since 1920. The French attitude of professionalism was much more expedite than in the British Isles, which led to the unions of the Home Nations break off relations with France in 1932. France broke with the traditional exercise British in rugby union situated the series of “friendly” games instead of the official union competitions and in 1892 formed a national club championship. Finally, France was agreed with IRB in 1978 to join with Wales, England, Ireland, Scotland, Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand.In 1934 the French Rugby Federation, French Ligue de Rugby XIII was created. In France, it is hugely limited to the southern part of the country like Rugby League match.
Rugby in Italy
In the Italy, the rugby also acquired a foothold in the 1920s. The Italian Rugby Federation was established in 1928. With the support of the big club, companies started to arrange payment for players in their club competition in the 1980s, and the major international player like Naas Botha of South Africa, David Campese Australia, and New Zealand John Kirwin played rugby in Italy. Italian Rugby developed considerably and attached the Five Nations Competition in the 1990s and in 2000, then it was renamed as Six Nations.
Rugby In Canada and the United States
Before the 1870s rules of rugby emerged in North America and were used in a famous game between McGill University in Montreal and Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1874. In 1876 representatives of Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and universities formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, which in general according to the 1871 rules of the RFU. Rugby rules were changed soon in the United States and later in Canada. Rugby has enjoyed a Renaissance, since 1905 on the Pacific coast. After football, field it was banned there in the aftermath of a public furor over ferocity and deaths and injuries player. Rugby remained there after the grill popular sport was refunded to its pre-eminent position. West Coast players mostly determined by national Rugby teams that won at the Olympic Games in 1920 and 1924. Rugby also retained a foothold in British Columbia in Canada. In the 21st century, a huge ratio of the players in the US and Canadian national teams came from the region of the West Coast.
Rugby of Australia
In 1874, the South American Football Union Rugby was formed in Sydney. There were only five clubs of Rugby game played at that time. But in 1900 there were 79 clubs with a high-level and four youth competitions. Rugby Union Metropolitan later Wales New South Rugby Union (WNSRU) was established in 1897 to operate league competitions in Sydney. By the 1880s, matches between teams on behalf of New South Wales and New Zealand began. The Australian National Rugby Union was not created until 1949. In other parts of Australia, as the leading sport of Australian football had already recognized itself.
With clubs, working class emerging from rugby to play with the new rules of rugby league in Sydney began a competition in 1908. The first players of rugby league in Australia traveled Britain in 1908-1909. Followed by a tour of Britain in 1911-1912, establishing international links between North and groups derived from the Southern Hemisphere. Sydney and Brisbane are the main centers of Rugby League in Australia. Although the Rugby game widely played in cities and towns across the country and it has a huge viewer of rugby games in Australia.
Rugby in New Zealand
The first rugby game of New Zealand was played in Nelson in 1870. Though, Rugby spread slowly due to problems of handicap and meager population. The New Zealand Rugby Football Union was not founded until 1892. New Zealand “local” Tour (1888-1889) of Australia and the British Isles was organized by a businessman interested in exploiting perceptions of the British population foreign Maori of New Zealand. A team cools, most of the player’s Maori tour of Britain, winning 49 matches of their 74 Rugby game including many games against clubs in northern England. Which largely formed of players from the working class and had become the best club teams in the country. In 1902 Ranfurly Shield was presented by Earl Ranfurly Governor of New Zealand, to provide as a trophy for a competitive opponent between regionally Rugby teams. In 1903 New Zealand played a truly national Australian team for the first time. The national team of New Zealand known as the All Blacks for their black uniforms. Defeated a British national team visit in 1904, and the first tour of all blacks from Britain, France, and North America the following year, it recorded a captivating 34-1 record. Victorious in the international Rugby game, teams sheltered by strong domestic created the backbone of New Zealand Rugby and contracted its place as the top of the sports in the country.
Rugby in South Africa
In 1862, a form of Rugby football was played in South Africa. The British regiments helped to establish a club in the city of King William in 1878. The extending population, which he followed the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley expanded the game in that region (1883-1886). And Rugby being played in Johannesburg and Pretoria areas by 1888. The Western Province consisted a union in 1883 and the South African Rugby Board was founded in 1889. South Africa also has clubs and leagues, the national competition between the provincial teams for the Currie Cup, first given in 1891 by Sir Donald Currie.
The team of South Africa national Rugby Union could be dubious claims unofficial world champions from the 1930s to the 1960s. Black South Africans were trimmed from playing rugby competitions whites only by the South African Rugby Board and were forced to play in the individual throughout the 20th-century competitions. Fundamental to the success of Rugby in South Africa, as well as their continuous breakage was the reputed Danie Craven was a famous player who also served as coach of the national team and head of the Board of Rugby.
Other countries where rugby has exhibited a high level include Argentina and the Pacific island nations of Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga. Rugby has become known in Argentina in the 1870s, and by the turn of the 20th century, four clubs based in Buenos Aires had formed the River Plate Rugby Football Union. The Argentine team, known as the Pumas, has a fame for being particularly physically at the scrum. Although Rugby has been never Pacific island countries of Samoa and Tonga until the 1920s, it has played in Fiji since the 1880s. In 1924, Fiji and Samoa (Western Samoa) met in the first test match of the region. The three countries will continue to focus on their individual national teams, but in the early 21st century also began to regularly play together as a single team representing the Pacific Islands.